Analisis Faktor Risiko Kejadian Pneumonia Pada Balita Di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Cinere Kota Depok Tahun 2018

  • Putri Chairunnisa
  • Nunuk Nugrohowati
  • Aulia Chairani


Pneumonia is an alveolus inflammation caused by bacteria, virus or fungus and
becomes the major cause of toddler’s death in the world. The discovery of pneumonia
patients in Indonesia (65,27%) is still far away under the target. The occurrence of
pneumonia is influenced by intrinsic and extrinsic factors. The aim was to analyze
risk factors of pneumonia on toddlers at Cinere Community Health Centre working
area in Depok by using case control design with 46 subjects in each group. Bivariate
analysis indicated that there were a correlation between the occurrence of pneumonia
with nutritional status (95% CI: 1,552-9,242; p=0,048), immunization status (95%
CI: 1,113-6,889; p=0,044), gender (95% CI:
1,167-6,571; p=0,033), floor type (95% CI: 1,424-8,460; p=0,009), wall type (95%
CI: 1,197-7,109; p=0,029), fuel type for cooking (95% CI: 1,163-8,018; p=0,036) and
smoking habits of respondents’ family (95% CI: 1,261-7,000; p=0,020).The most
associated variable with pneumonia in toddler was the nutritional status \Pneumonia on
toddlers increases by lack of nutritional status,floor type, wall type, fuel type for cooking
and increase of smoking habits of respondents’ family. It needs the improvement of
health services and counseling of house environmental health to control
risk factors of pneumonia in toddler.